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A picture of Adriana Renero




Photo by Pau Treviño, 2018

About me

I am currently a Visiting Research Fellow at the NYU Center for Mind, Brain and Consciousness, Philosophy Department, as well as an Affiliated Research Scholar in the Philosophy of Mind at the Saul Kripke Center in the City University of New York (CUNY), Graduate Center. I am a former Postdoctoral Research Fellow at the NYU Center for Mind, Brain and Consciousness. I earned my Ph.D. in Philosophy from the CUNY, Graduate Center, Philosophy Program. 


My research interests include the philosophy of mind (epistemology and metaphysics of the mind), philosophy of psychology, and philosophy of sounds and music. I work on introspection, consciousness, auditory experience, the mind-body problem and the knowledge argument. I am also interested in the history of philosophy and aesthetics. 


(Last update: Oct 27, 2023).

About Me
Latest Research

Research Projects 


My research contributes to two central issues: first, it argues against skeptical doubts about the reliability of introspection; and second, it proposes a model of the nature of introspection that explains the way in which we are aware of our mental states and we arrive at self-attributions. I offer a new pluralist model according to which introspection operates in tandem with other cognitive processes by combining various sources of information (in contrast with both reductive and standard pluralist accounts). I show that it is by introspection that we become aware of the character and contents of our mental states as well as the changes, transitions, and boundaries among them. 

Auditory Consciousness

My research in this area aims to respond to the question: How are we conscious of our auditory sensations? I investigate the philosophical relevance of being conscious of our auditory sensations, and explore the significance of understanding our auditory states in both our private and public life. I aim to show that understanding our auditory world has important implications for improving our social interactions. In contrast to the vast philosophical research regarding visual states, auditory experience has been constantly neglected in the contemporary literature. This research project attempts to vindicate such a mistake by advancing proposals specific to this neglected but important domain. 

Saul Kripke's Philosophy of Mind

My research contributes to understand Kripke's position against materialism as presented in lecture III of Naming and Necessity and expanded in his Lectures on the Philosophy of Mind delivered at Princeton University in 1979. In those lectures, which I transcribed based on audio recordings, Kripke offers a knowledge argument against materialism, focusing on deaf people who lack knowledge of auditory experience. Kripke's argument is a precursor of Frank Jackson’s better-known knowledge argument against materialism (1982). I set out Kripke’s argument, highlight its philosophical importance, and explore some similarities and differences between Kripke’s knowledge argument and Jackson’s. 


Peer-Reviewed Journal Articles:

Renero, A. (2023). Kripke’s knowledge argument against materialism. Philosophical Perspectives, 1–18.

With R. Brown (2022). A HOROR Theory for Introspective Consciousness, Journal of Consciousness Studies, vol. 29, no.11-12.

Renero, A. (2019). Modes of Introspective Access: A pluralist Approach, Philosophia (online version 2018) and Philosophia vol. 47, no. 3: 823–844. 10

Renero, A. (2014). Consciousness and Mental Qualities for Auditory SensationsJournal of Consciousness Studies, vol. 21, no. 9-10: 179-204.

Renero, A. (2013). Nous and Aisthésis: Two Cognitive Faculties in Aristotle, Méthexis, International Journal for Ancient Philosophy, vol. XXVI: 103-120.​

Renero, A. (2009). Experience and Consciousness: Enhancing the Notion of Musical Understanding Critica, vol. 41, no. 121: 23-46.


Published Dissertation:

Renero, A. (2017). The Nature of Introspection, CUNY Academic Works


Chapters in Volumes or Special Issues:

Renero, A. (2023). The Routes of Introspection. In What forms could introspective systems take? A Research Programme. Kammerer and Frankish (eds.), Journal of Consciousness Studies, 30, No. 9–10, 2023, pp. 174–87

With R. Parikh (2017). Justified True Belief: Plato, Gettier, and Turing. In Turing 100: Philosophical Explorations of the Legacy of Alan Turing, eds. Juliet Floyd & Alisa Bokulich, Boston Studies in the Philosophy and History of Science, Springer.


Translation from English to Spanish:

Renero, A. (2023). Translation of Susanna Siegel's "Affordances and The Contents of Perception" (2014) to Spanish, in Lo que el mundo nos ofrece. Ensayos filosóficos sobre affordances o potencialidades de acción (Pérez, L. & Peláez A.), UAM.

Peer-Reviewed Journal Articles in Spanish:


Renero, A. (2007). Identidad y entendimiento. Schelling o una instancia intermedia entre Kant y HegelEn-Claves del Pensamiento, vol. 1, no. 2: 23-45.

Renero, A. (2007). La estética de Hegel: reflexión sobre la forma romántica del arte en la catedral gótica, Avatares, vol.10, no. 28: 21-33.


Renero, A. (2007). Recuerdo y permanencia: una lectura sobre el poema Andenken de F. HölderlinEstudios: Filosofía, Historia, Arte, vol. V, no. 81: 109-118.


Renero, A. (2006) ¿Qué es el límite?Ciencia y Desarrollo, vol. 32, no. 199: 16-21.


Renero, A. (2006). Logos, Eros y Poiesis: sobre el poema Quejas de Menón por Diótima de F. HölderlinRevista Digital Universitaria UNAM, vol. 7, no. 5:1-12.


Renero, A. (2005). Psyché y Eros en PlatónAvatares, vol. 8, no. 24: 49-62.


Renero, A. (2005). La música en los cultos dionisiacosIntersticios: Filosofía, Arte, Religión, vol. 10, no. 22-23: 259-271. 



Chapters in Volumes in Spanish:


Renero, A. (2010). Emoción y cognición en música, en Identidad y Diferencia: la filosofía y la ciencia (Labastida y Aréchiga, Eds.), vol. 3, Siglo XXI Editores: 318-24.


Renero, A. (2007). La noción de límite en el pensamiento de Eugenio Trías, en El saber filosófico: antiguo y moderno (Martínez Contreras y Ponce de León, Eds.), vol. I, Siglo XXI:  207-215.


Reviews in Spanish:


Renero, A. (2007). Reseña del libro: "Consideraciones estéticas sobre la hermenéutica de Gadamer” de María Antonia González. Diánoia, vol. LIII, no. 59: 232-41.


Renero, A. (2005). Reseña del libro: "Ética y Condición Humana” de Eugenio Trías. Habitar el límite: una aproximación a la ética de Eugenio Trías, Revista Digital Universitaria, UNAM, vol. 6, no. 4: 154.



Selected Talks

A HOROR Theory for Introspective Consciousness, with R. Brown 

Association for the Scientific Study of Consciousness, NYU

New York, NY


(Mis)-understanding Kripke with N. Salmon & T. Robertson Ishii 

Invited Symposium, American Philosophical Association, Pacific Division Meeting, San Francisco, CA


Comments to D. Stoljar and N. Silins: Introspection and Self-knowledge

Invited Symposium, American Philosophical Association, Eastern Division Meeting, Montreal, Canada



A discussion with Khenpo Pemma Wangdak

The Rubin Museum of Art, New York City, NY


Kripke's Knowledge Argument against Materialism (in Spanish)

CLEPO y Facultad de Filosofía y Sociedad

Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Spain

The Value of Introspection

Forum for Human Values, Center for Human Values

Princeton University, NJ

The Routes of Introspection

Experiences, Series of Seminars in Philosophy of Mind

University of Liege, Liege, Belgium

Kripke Argument Against Materialism

Saul Kripke Seminar

The Graduate Center, CUNY

How does introspection operate?

Association for the Scientific Study of Consciousness (ASSC 23)

Western University, London, ON Canada, June 25-28

The Routes of Introspection 

Lecture Series

Mira Group, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia

A Pluralist Theory of Introspection

Cognition, Development & Psychopathology: Subjectivity and Consciousness

CARE Seminar, Universidad del Desarrollo, Chile

Introspection about Decision-Making Process

Workshop on Introspection and Self-knowledge

California State University at Chico     


Selective and Voluntary Attention in Introspection

Virtues of Attention Workshop

NYU Shanghai, China 


Nous and Aisthesis

Instituto de Investigaciones Filosóficas

UNAM, Mexico City


Kripke’s Unpublished Knowledge Argument (presented with Saul Kripke)

Center for Mind, Brain, and Consciousness

New York University


A New Pluralist Model of Introspection

Harvard Workshop on Mind and Reality and Philosophy Department UP

Universidad Panamericana, Mexico City


Consciencia de estados mentales y procesos

Conferencia Magistral, Facultad de Filosofía

Universidad Panamericana, Mexico City

Addressing Skeptical Challenges to Introspection

Centre for Philosophical Psychology

University of Antwerp, Belgium (paper submitted)                                         


Kripke’s Unpublished Knowledge Argument

The Saul Kripke Center

CUNY, the Graduate Center


The Deaf Person Case

Tokyo Colloquium of Cognitive Philosophy

and the Tokyo Forum for Analytic Philosophy

University of Tokyo, Japan

Sounds and Auditory Experience

Colors, Sounds, Numbers, Names, Inferences, Minds

Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, CDMX


June 2023




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December 2022  

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Recent Talks
Contact Me

Contact me


New York University

Department of Philosophy

Broadway Block, 5 Washington Pl, New York, NY 10003. 


CUNY, The Graduate Center

Department of Philosophy 

365 Fifth Ave.

New York, NY 10016.


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© 2017 by Adriana Renero / Philosopher

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